Joint Replacement Surgery Types

Joint Replacement Surgery Types

The joint of your body are responsible for mobility that you have in your body. However, in certain circumstances like the following:

  1. Age
  2. Accident
  3. Disease
  4. Disease that is due to the age matters.

The joints of the body do end up suffering. While there are many medications and therapies that can reinforce the bone strength, the final options that remains is almost always is joint replacement.

What is joint replacement?

Joint replacement is one of constituents of the orthopaedic surgery. In this surgical procedure, either the arthritis or dysfunctional joint is replaced by an orthopaedic prosthesis. An orthopaedic prosthesis is made of cobalt, chromium or titanium. However, to increase the effectiveness of this prosthesis, metallic alloys have started to be in use.

What are the common types of Joint replacement surgeries?

The type of joint replacement surgery depends upon the joint that is needed to replaces. To that end, the most common types of joint replacement surgeries include the following:

  1. Total Knee replacement: The knee is the largest joint that is present in the body. The knees are basically the foundation on which the support of the torso of the body depends upon.  The knee comprises of three structures:
  • The lower femur.
  • The upper end of the tibia
  • The patella

When damaged, you would find yourself difficult in completely most type of regular activities.

In this particular form of knee replacement:

  • The surgeon first removes the damage cartilage surfaces that are present at the ends of the femur and of the Tibia.
  • Know, the total knee replacement initiates and the orthopaedic prosthesis that is made out of metal is inserted in their place.
  • As the metal has to metal with the biological material, a spacer is added as well in order for the join to glide smoothly.

The reason that this form of surgery is given is because of the following:

  • Limited movement that continues even if the body is resting.
  • Stiffness in the body
  • The non surgical methods to provide relief from the pain have failed.
  1. Total Shoulder Joint replacement:

There are three boned in the shoulder and they are the following:

  • The humerus or the upper arm bone.
  • The scapula or the shoulder blade.
  • The clavicle or the collarbone.

A shoulder entails a ball and socket joint and their smoothness is the key factor that contributes to the smooth movement of the arms.

Following is the procedure for the shoulder joint replacement surgery:

  • The doctor first removes that ball that connects with the joint.
  • Now, the orthopaedic prosthesis is placed at the socket.
  • The socket is replaced with a metal socket.
  • And then, order to emphasis of the smoothness of the ball and the socket, a spacer is inserted between the implants.

This form of surgical procedure is some for pretty much the same reasons as the total knee replacement surgery like:

  • Limited movement of the shoulders
  • Pain in the joints.
  • The joints are stiff as well.
  • Tearing of cartilage due to arthritis.
  • Or a rotator cuff injury.
  1. Total hip replacement:

It is the ball and socket joint in addition to being the largest joints in the body.

  • The ball and socket of this organ are covered with articular cartilage
  • The ball of the joint is referred to as the femoral head
  • The socket of the bone connected to the femur.

This form of surgery involves the following process:

  • The damage femoral head is removed.
  • It is then replaced with the metal stem that attaches to the bone.
  • The metal bone is placed to the upper stem.
  • The socket is replaced with a metal socket.
  • A spacer is inserted in between the socket and the ball in order to maintain the gliding motion.

This form of surgery is given due to the following reasons:

  • You are not able to sit properly due to immense pain
  • The movement is limited
  • The stiffness persists even when the body is in a resting motion.

There are other forms of orthopaedic surgery that are other than joint replacement

These include the following:

  1. Arthroscopic Surgery
  2. Spinal Surgery
  3. Minimally invasive surgery.

If you have any sort of query pertaining to joint replacement surgeries, you should get in touch with Healboat for more information.